Rebecca Black, PA
A Central Bank official has issued warnings around government spending in the upcoming budget.
Robert Kelly, director of economics and statistics, described public finances as being “broadly in a healthy position”.
However, he warned that increased spending risks creating inflationary pressures, and feeding overheating risks, describing the State’s export-oriented economy as sensitive to external factors.
Mr Kelly was speaking as he appeared alongside colleagues before the Oireachtas Committee for Budgetary Oversight on Tuesday ahead of the unveiling of Budget 2024 on October 10th.
He opened by referring to the Central Bank’s quarterly bulletin, published earlier on Tuesday, that forecasts inflation will average at 5.4 per cent this year, but will decline to 3.2 per cent and 2.3 per cent in 2025.
However, core inflation – which excludes energy and food, is expected to remain at 2.7 per cent in 2025.
Mr Kelly said the economy demonstrated “remarkable resilience to the overlapping shocks of the pandemic and Russia’s invasion of Ukraine”.
He described the demand for labour having surged with the reopening of society following the Covid-19 pandemic, and the number of workers reaching historical highs with employment falling to 20-year low, indicating an economy operating at full capacity.
But he said higher energy costs continue to have an impact, and “will largely determine the persistence of inflation”.
Mr Kelly told the committee that fiscal policy has underpinned the economic resilience since 2020, with “agile employment supports” protecting the labour market being damaged by pandemic restrictions, while temporary supports protected the most vulnerable from energy price increases.
He warned: “Given the scale of these shocks, permanently offsetting the real income falls and maintaining current and capital spending in real terms, especially in light of growing demands from evolving demographics, requires significant spending increases.
“Increasing current spending in this nature, in the absence of offsetting revenue raising measures risks creating inflationary pressures and feeding overheating risks.
“This would ultimately reduce the real value of public, in particular capital, spending.
“The core consideration is not whether ‘catch-up’ is achieved – it will be – but the calibration of the appropriate pace.”
Later, the committee heard from officials from the Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI).